Flam Railway Norway
The Flam Railway
It is one of the worlds steepest railway lines on normal gauge.
The twisting tunnels that spiral in and out of the mountain are manifestations of the most daring and skilful engineering in Norwegian railway history.
The line runs from the mountain station at Myrdal on the Bergen Railway, down to Flam station by the Aurlandsfjord.
For such a short rail journey - only 12.5 miles - it comes with a big reputation.
It was completed in 1944 after a construction period lasting 20 years. Eighteen of the line's 20 tunnels, wich have a total length of 6 km, were built by hand.
Trial operations started in 1940 with small steam locomotives, but the line was not fully electrified until 1944.
Today this rail line is one of Norway's major and most spectacular tourist attractions. The train journey provides some of Norway's wildest and most magnificent scenery. On the 20 km-long train ride you can see rivers that cut through deep ravines, waterfalls cascade down the side of steep, snow-capped mountains and mountain farms cling dizzily to sheer slopes.
The Flam Railway makes a photo stop at the beautiful Kjosfossen waterfall.
History of Flam
The origins of the flourishing tourist trade in Flam, dates as far back as the end of the 19th centry, when large numbers of English tourist, also called "salmon lords", came to fish in the Flam river.
These travelers laid the foundation for hotel operation and a steady stream of tourists, who were transported in two-wheeled buggies through the spectacular scenery.
After the Bergensbana Railway was opened in 1909 Flam became a crossroad for passengers, mail and freight to and from the trains between Oslo and Bergen in connection with the steamships on the fjord.